Dangers of Ticks and Ways to Prevent Tick Bites

Picture of a tick bite

Ticks are outdoor pests, settling on bodies of animals, birds, and in some cases on reptiles. Ticks are carriers of a variety of illnesses, such as Lyme disease.

Ticks are blood-feeding bloodsuckers that are usually discovered in tall grass where they will wait to attach to a passing host. A tick will do this by inserting its jaws and also feeding tube into the skin of the host. The jaws are covered with curved teeth and they also function as a hammer.

Direct contact with a host is not the only means of transportation for ticks. Ticks are not able to leap or fly, at the same time they like free-riding and they do it by jumping down from their current location straight to its new host. Some species can track the host directly from the ground, arising from cracks or gaps found in the timbers or perhaps inside a house or shed, where infestations of “seed ticks” (the six-legged stage of newborn ticks) can strike in numbers as much as 30,000 at the same time. Weak or elderly dogs, young puppies, as well as cats, are especially jeopardized, they are in a high-risk group and can die from anemia from a sudden invasion of seed ticks. Likewise, horses, livestock, moose and various other animals are attacked by starving seed ticks triggering anemia, different diseases, paralysis as well as even decease of host. Such invasions can be challenging to discover until thousands have securely bonded themselves to a pet or wild animal as well as ticks removal can be quite complicated. [1][2]

Fully grown ticks are more challenging to see. Grooming on a regular basis as well as chemicals for control might highly limit the spread of seed ticks as well as mature species.

Changes in temperature level and day length are a few of the variables signaling a tick to seek a host. Ticks can detect heat released or carbon dioxide respired from a close-by host. They will usually fall off the pet when are full, however, this may take a few day days to accomplish. In a number of instances, ticks will live for a long time on the blood of an animal. Ticks are extra active outdoors when it is warm, however, they are very able to strick a host at any moment. [3]

Ticks can be located in the majority of woody or forested areas across the world. They are particularly common in places where there are deer routes or human tracks. Ticks are specifically plentiful near water, where warm-blooded animals are heading to quench their thirst, as well as in fields wherever bushes and brushes ensure timber surfaces and shield.

Below are several of the most frequently asked questions as well as essential tick facts that will certainly assist you to prevent tick bites.

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Ticks can spread Lyme disease, Rocky Mt. Spotted Fever (RMSF), Southern tick-associated rash illness (STARI) St. Louis encephalitis, Bourbon virus, Babesiosis, Tularemia, tick paralysis, cytauxzoonosis, canine ehrlichiosis, hepatozoonosis, as well as anaplasmosis.
Ticks have sharp mouthparts very like small crab claws. Ticks begin feeding by producing a numbing chemical so the host doesn’t feel their firm, stabbing jaws penetrate the skin. The mouthparts are thorned so the pet is not capable to remove the tick by scratching themselves. A female tick lays a number of hundred eggs prior to she shrinks and dies and leaves the host with her carapace (or external shell) and 8 legs attached.
Ticks have no interest in absorbing firm flesh, instead, they dribble saliva into the injury to liquefy tissues as well as suck up this liquid mixture. The saliva includes sufficient viruses and germs which makes ticks among the most powerful disease transmitters in the world.
A hungry tick is flat, like a freckle, yet it has an elastic abdominal area so a woman tick can suck up a hundred times its own body weight in blood when she gets up to 10 times bigger from its initial shape and size. An engorged deer tick is ball-shaped.

Ticks essentially hide their heads right into the skin to draw liquids. Do not attempt to squeeze them! Do not heat them with a lighter, put alcohol on them, or cover them with Vaseline. Rather, for proper and safe tick removal, slip a pair of tweezers or tick puller as near to the skin as possible, and slowly and carefully loosen tick’s grip. Hold it by the head, where the tick enters the skin, not by the body. Pull it out gently without spinning it. Go to “5 Steps to follow when extracting a tick”

Place the tick right into a container of alcohol to kill it. Remember, ticks will not bite the dust after you flush them down the toilet, for them it would be a nice ride back to freedom. Squeezing the tick with your fingers is not a good idea too, because it is one of the ways the infection from tick-borne decease is spread.

References:

[1] Transcript, Dr. Bill Samuel, Author and Associate Dean, Research, Faculty of Science, University of Alberta SUBJECT: #145 White as a Ghost: Winter Ticks and Moose Audio #145 November 23, 2004 Innovatio Alberta

[2] Stafford, Kirby C.,III, Ph.D. , Chief Entomologist Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven “Tick Management Handbook”

[3] Campbell,John B., (Extension Entomologist), Thomas, Gustave D., Entomology Research Leader “Controllng Ticks” University of Nebraska Lincoln extension, Istitute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Rev. May, 2006